Suez Canal Hafen | Suez Canal Passage, Suez Canal

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Suez Canal Port, Suez Canal Passage, Suez Canal, The Suez Canal (in English actually Suez Canal) is a 163-kilometer-long canal that connects the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea and is therefore an important shortcut on the shipping route between Europe and Asia, as the ships otherwise travel to Africa would have to drive around. The Suez Canal begins in the Mediterranean at the port city of Port Said and ends in the Red Sea at the city of Suez, which gave the canal its name. Cities have around 500,000 inhabitants who come here mainly through the canal. At the same time, the channel is a dividing line between the actual mainland of Egypt and the Sinai peninsula and thus also the border between Africa and Asia. Suez Canal Port, Suez Canal Passage, Suez Canal Suez Canal, Port, Suez Canal Passage

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Suez canal port | Suez Canal Passage , Suez Canal l.

The Suez Canal or Suez Canal is a shipping canal inEgypt between the port cities of Port Said and Port Taufiq nearSuez , connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea via the Isthmus of Suez, sparing maritime navigation between the North Atlantic and Indian Oceans the route around Africa. It was opened on November 17, 1869. Its length over land is 162.25 km. As of the deepening completed in 2009, it is 193.30 km long including the north and south access channels. The canal forms the border between Africa and Asia .

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The Suez Canal is a 163-kilometer-long canal that connects the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea and is therefore an important shortcut on the shipping route between Europe and Asia, as ships would otherwise have to bypass Africa. The Suez Canal begins in the Mediterranean at the port city of Port Said and ends in the Red Sea at the city of Suez, which gave the canal its name. Cities have around 500,000 inhabitants who come here mainly through the canal. At the same time, the channel is a dividing line between the actual mainland of Egypt and the Sinai peninsula and thus also the border between Africa and Asia.

story

As early as 1400 BC, the pharaohs Seti I and Ramsis II began planning and building a canal that would connect the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea. Due to natural conditions, this was already possible with the technology of the time. However, due to various circumstances, the construction of the then Suez Canal lasted until 500 BC. Just a few hundred years later, the canal was silted up again.

However, the idea of a canal between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea did not die out, so that in 1846, after a commissioned investigation, a study group found that the difference in the two sea levels was insignificant. Further planning followed and the engineer and diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps finally got permission to build the canal in 1856.

The work on the Suez Canal lasted almost 10 years, from April 25, 1859 to March 18, 1869. For the construction, all building materials had to be brought from Europe to Egypt , as they were not available in Egypt. A canal had to be dug from the Nile to the Suez Canal to supply the workers with drinking water, otherwise the workers' drinking water supply would have been very expensive. In all, the canal cost £19 million to build and involved 1.5 million people, of whom 125,000 died in the process.

After initial teething problems, the Suez Canal is now one of the most important sources of income for Egypt. The annual income is currently around 3 billion euros and results from fees for the passage of the Suez Canal of up to 8 euros per ton of weight. Most of the revenue from the Suez Canal benefits Egypt itself. However, parts are also used for the maintenance of the canal. In particular, the canal must be protected from silting up. But the government is also aiming to widen it for even larger ships. Costs for locks are not to be borne, since none are required due to the lack of difference in height between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

Suez Canal Passage, transit

The Suez Canal can only be crossed from one direction. The reason for this is the small width, which is between 280 meters in the south and 345 meters in the north at the water surface. At the bottom of the 22.5 meter deep Suez Canal, the width is between 195 and 215 meters.

Therefore, the canal can only be passed in convoys, which take 11 to 16 hours. In order to increase capacity here, the Bittersee, located in the middle of the Suez Canal, is used as a waiting zone where ships can cross. The canal now has a transit figure of 15,000 ships a year, transporting 14% of the world's shipping freight.

cruise

Cruises also run through the Suez Canal, but this has less to do with exploring the landscape and much more to do with the destination of the ship. However, these are rather rare for two reasons. On the one hand, passenger ships also have to pay fees when passing through the Suez Canal, so that this can cost around 100,000 euros for large cruise ships. But the passage itself is not very exciting for the vacationers, since the canal crosses the desert, which quickly becomes monotonous and has little variety. Therefore, vacationers are often offered to take a trip to Cairo while crossing the canal. For this purpose, the passengers are dropped off on land before the start of the passage through the Suez Canal and take a bus trip to Cairo and then take the bus to the end point of the canal.

Suez canal port | Suez Canal Passage, Suez Canal

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